THLN Legislation 101


What is the Texas Legislature?

The Texas Legislature includes 150 members of the house of representatives and the 31 members of the state senate.

Members of the house of representatives are elected to two-year terms and represent districts of about 113,000 people each. 

Senators serve four-year terms and serve about 550,000 people each.

How often does the Legislature meet?

The legislature meets every odd-numbered year to determine what bills will become law to help citizens better face new issues that continually arise. 

A regular session is 140 days in length and begins on the second Tuesday in January.

A special session can last no more than 30 days, and is called by the governor to address specific issues. 

How does a bill become law in Texas?

In Texas, a bill becomes a law when it passes through four major stages: introduction, committee action, floor action, and enrollment. 

The first three stages (introductions, committee action, and floor action) must be completed in both house and a senate before the moving on to enrollment. 

Each bill starts off as either a house bill or a senate bill, sometimes even both (to increase the chances of getting a bill passed). 

A bill must go through introduction, committee action, and floor action in order to move on to the other house. Once a bill has passed through all 3 actions in both the House and the Senate, the bill is passed to the enrollment phase… i.e. The Governor’s Desk to be signed and become law… or vetoed.